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გადააბრუნეთ
მოწყობილობა
August
ENG GEO

Killed

10 19 25 72 89 122

Wounded

12 19 22 37 135 180 185 225 226

Bombed Villages

8 14 15 20 26 36 48 67 78 86 90 92

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A Little War that Shook the World,
But Not Enough
Weak western diplomacy and lack of transatlantic unity failed to prevent an avoidable war.

- Richard Holbrooke, Ronald Asmus

The Guardian, 11.08.08 The Destruction was enough to hurt, but not so much that the world would be ruosed in fury.

- Michael Binyon

The Times, 14.08.08
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About Project

The project was directed by Nastsia Arabuli, Sophiko Vasadze

Video: Shio Khidasheli, Beka Beridze
Sound: Tato Jinjikhadze
Website:
Developer: Luka Khizanishvili

Author and Executive Producer: Natia Zambakhidze

Credits: RFE/RL, Reuter, AFP, Rustavi2, Civili.ge

1
On the Eredvi-Kheti road remote control bombs exploded near the Georgian police car, carrying the police officers.

2
Georgian villages are being bombed overnight from the territories controlled by the de facto authorities of Tskhinvali.

1
Georgian villages are bombarded until dawn from the territories controlled by the de facto authorities of Tskhinvali.

1
The 19th Division of the 58th Army of Russian federation is crossing the Georgian Border through Roki Tunnel, heading towards Java.

2
6:30 am paramilitary forces of the South Ossetian de-facto regime were deployed in the villages of Znauri and Velebi and opened fire on the Georgian police building in Dvani.

1
At night 10 armored vehicles have rolled into Georgia from Russia through the Roki Tunnel and were distributed to the de facto regime armed groups. Two of these armored vehicles were given to the separatists stationed in the village of Dmenisi.

1
Up to 150 mercenaries from the North Caucasus are arriving to Tskhinvali.
Russian military equipment crosses the Roki tunnel and joins the armed forces deployed in Java base.

1
Georgian villages of Eredvi, Frisi, Avnevi, Dvani, Nuli are bombed.

1
- The territory near the Georgian military radar station is being bombed in Shavshvebi.
- Three Georgian soldiers were injured as a result of the explosion of an infantry fighting vehicle by Ossetian separatist forces in the village of Nuli.
- Several military personnel and civilians were killed during the bombing of the Georgian peacekeepers' checkpoint in the village of Avnevi.
- Several civilians were wounded during the bombing of Tamarasheni, Kurta and Frisi.

2
During the night intensive fire comes from the villages: Khetagurovo, Dmenisi and Ubiati.

1
The Gupta Bridge is destroyed by Georgian bombers. Russian militaries are moving towards Tskhinvali using Java bypass.

2
Vaziani and Marneuli military bases, Bolnisi military air base, Georgian artillery brigade in Gori are being bombed. The buildings, airplanes, military equipment are destroyed; there are casulaties.

3
Georgian villages are under heavy artillery fire. In the village of Variani At least 7 people died as a result of Russian air attack.
Russian fighter jets attack the city of Gori. The bombs are falling near the stadium, close to Gorijvari and the artillery brigade.

1
Russian military vessels are heading to the port of Poti. The port is also becoming a target of air bombardment.
1 military serviceman and 5 reservists are killed as a result of bomb blasts (manatobeli bombebi) in Senaki military base.
8 people were killed during Senaki railway station bombing.
Kopitnari Airport and Racha and Lechkhumi settlements are being bombed.

2
Russian air forces are bombing Gori. Georgians hit the Russian military aircraft and capture the pilot.
The viliage of Gachiani was bombed near the Baku-Tbilisi-Ceyhan pipeline, but the pipeline was not damaged.
The village Shavshvebi, being bombed the previous days, is once again hit.

3
Russian military forces are expanding the area of ​​bombardments and opening a new front in upper Abkhazia (in the Kodori Gorge). Throughout the day, the administrative center and villages are being bombed.

1
A new flow of Russian Armed Forces and equipment is entering into Tskhinvali through the Roki Tunnel.
Knolevi, Gori and Shavshvebi are being bombed by Russian aviation.

2
The Russian marines are being deployed in Ochamchire; Intensive artillery and air attack started against Upper Abkhazia (Kodori Gorge). One from ten Russian fighters is shot down by the Georgian side.
Seaside town of Anaklia is being bombed.

3
Early morning Tbilisi Aviation Factory is bombed by the aircraft, flown from Dagestan; On the same day, at abour 7 pm Tbilaviamsheni is being bombed for the second time.
At 7:05pm Russian aviation dropped a bomb in Tbilisi International Airport.

1
- Georgian villages are being bombed in Adjara, near Batumi. Bombs falling into the cemetery and agricultural fields.

2
At the dawn Gori tank battalion is being bombed.
6:10 pm - Russian troops are attacking and taking the village of Shindisi.
The vilages of Kere and Shavshvebi are being bombed.
6:20 pm - Ossetian separatist forces are entering the village of Beloti, they are capturing the civilians and shutting them in the local church.
8:30 pm - the Russian army occupies the city of Gori; Blocks the main highway connecting the west and east of the country.

3
07:15 am -At the dawn, Senaki airport is bombed; in the afternoon the military base in Senaki; in the evening Russian soldiers are entering the town.
12:05 pm- Russian aircrafts are bombing Georgian military servicemen in Upper Abkhazia.
5.00 pm Heavily armed Russian peacekeepers are entering Zugdidi to disarm the local police;

4
04:37 am - Civil radar station located on Makhata Mount in Tbilisi is being bombed by Russian aircrafts.
05.00 am - Russian fighter jets bomb Shiraqi runway in Dedoplistskaro district.

1
Russian military servicemen are entering the Gori TV Transmission Station. One is dead, and three employees are wounded; the equipment in the station is destroyed. After the attacke, the only Russian-language TV channel "Alania" is going off air. The region also can’t receive the signal of the Georgian Public Broadcaster.
Russian military aircrafts are bombing the administrative buildings, hospital, university and the market in Gori. 5 people are dead and 15 are wounded.
Town of Kaspi and the villages in the Kaspi district are being bombed. 3 bombs fall into the "Heidelberg cement" factory.
Vaziani military base is being bombed.

2
17:30 Abkhaz militaries occupy the village of Ganmukhuri and set a customs checkpoint.
Russians are destroying Senaki military base, stealing weapons and equipment.
18:00 Russian militaries are exploding Georgian ships in the port of Poti.

3
The Ossetian separatists are starting to loot Georgian villages.
Being under ruthless attack, the people of Mereti and Kordi are asking for help;
Georgian population in the villages of Arbo and Ditsi is under attack;
The people of Karaleti is under attack as well; militaries are burning and robbing their house.

4
Russian military aircraft hits an ambulance in Agara.
Sakoritno and Ruisi are being bombed by Russian aviation. In Ruisi 3 civilians were killed and 5 were wounded.
Russian military aircrafts are throwing bombs on Orchosani.
Ossetian separatists are destroying the villages of Berkuri, Sveneti and Kheltubani.

1
Russian soldiers occupy the village of Pakhulani.
Russian military units explode coastal guard ships in the port of Poti.

2
Russian aviation is bombing the village of Sakasheti.
Russian troops enter Gori; Russian soldiers are destroying Gori artillery brigade base.
Russian soldiers and Ossetian separatists are destroying the villages of Knolevi and Avnevi.

3
The scared Georgian population of Bobnevi, Marana, Dzevera and Khidistavi are hiding in the forest.
25 civilians from the villages are kidnapped by Ossetian separatists. The bus, carrying the abducted, is hit by the accident, after which four people managed to flee.
Ossetian separatists invaded Atotsi.
Based on the local sources, four vehicles have been found in the village of Tedotsminda, filled with killed people.

1
Russian troops explode coastal guard boats in Poti.
Russian troops in Senaki destroy military equipment of Georgia.
The Russian army is deploying additional troops in Zugdidi and strengthening the checkpoints and positions around the city.

2
Russian troops enter Agara and Tsveri.
Russian troops enter Gori once again. Georgia no longer controls the city.
The military units in Ruisi are robbing and destroying the village.

3
Ossetian Separatists are brutally destroying Georgian villages and beating up the remaining population there.

1
Russian helicopters are dropping fire setting bombs over the Borjomi-Tsemi forests; as a result fire has started at around 12 to 15 locations and spread over a large area within the next few days.
9 armored vehicles of the Russian Army, accompanied by 3 Mi-24 type helicopters are moving toward Tbilisi; on their way to the capital, they are building a checkpoint in the village of Igoeti.
The Russians are leaving Poti, taking with them up to 15 boats, 2 coast guard vessels and combat equipment.

-

This war did not start on 1st, 7th

or 8th of August, nor was it over on August 12th, 15th or 22nd.
What we call ‘the August war’ is just a chapter of a bigger struggle in a chain of events - the first full-scale, conventional war in Europe since the end of the Cold War, the 5-day war of a country the size of 1/5 of a continent with a small one.

This is our attempt to put this little war on a large map; To arrange, in time and space, all the main reports, the video-, audio- and printed documents available a decade later. We have presented the chronology of the 15 days of August 2008 – arranged for you to see, hear, read, recall, reflect, feel and re-visit your memory.

However, like we said, this war did not start in August 2008...

Just a few events: In 2006 Russia builds a military base Java (territory of South Ossetia, Georgia), Russian spy network is uncovered in Tbilisi and Batumi, Georgia; Russia imposes full economic embargo on Georgia. In April 2008 Russian President orders the Russian Government to establish direct relations with de facto governments in Sukhumi and Tskinvali. Sukhumi-Ochamchire railway is restored; On July 15, full-scale military exercises “Caucasus 2008”, with participation of air, naval, internal and security forces, deploying 8000 personnel and 700 units of armoured vehicles starts. The exercises went on until August 2nd. The invasion of Georgia was next.
1
The Eredvi-Kheiti bypass road. At 8:05 a.m. and 8:12 a.m., 2 remote control landmines go off near a truck carrying 5 Georgian policemen. All five are severely wounded.
2
09:00
Three people are killed in sniper fire opened towards Tskhinvali at 9:00 am. Tskhinvali comes under grenade fire opened from the villages of Ergneti and Upper Nikozi.
3
15 journalists of 4 key Russian media outlets arrive from Moscow to Tskhinvali via Vladikavkaz.
4
21:30
The armed forces of the de facto authorities of South Ossetia open fire towards nearby Georgian villages. The villages of Upper Nikozi, Lower Nikozi, Avnevi, Nuli, Eredvi and Zemo Upper Prisi are under bombardment all night. The bombardments stop at dawn of August 2.
5
After the shelling from the large-caliber weapon, 6 civilians and a police officer are killed in the Georgian villages.
6
This is an attempt to drag us into a large-scale military conflict. Ukraine and the US are also responsible - Ukraine supplied Georgia with 40 sniper rifles and United States gave 120 . . . Until now, the Ossetians have exercised restraint but we won’t do it anymore.

Eduard Kokoiti

President of the de facto Republic of South Ossetia
1
Georgian side responds to the fire opened from the territory controlled by the Ossetian de facto authorities. But the the response soon stops, following orders, to avoid further escalation.
2
Last night we all witnessed heavy bombardment of peaceful villages. Obviously, this is the cause for our deepest concern.

Shota Utiashvili

Director of Information-Analytic Department of the Ministry of Internal Affairs of Georgia
3
12:20
South Ossetia’s de facto authorities declare evacuation of the civilians from the capital Tskhinvali and the villages under their control. The evacuation goes on until August 6.
4
Temur Iakobashvili, the State Minister for Reintegration of Georgia arrives in the conflict zone and meets with General Marat Kulakhmetov, Commander of the Joint Peacekeeping Forces.
5
It’s the OSCE observer mission that should be expanded, not the peacekeeping forces. Unfortunately, the separatists are blocking this decision.

Temur Iakobashvili

State Minister for Reintegration of Georgia
6
Georgian side is also a party to the conflict, both sides participate in the conflict. So don’t lay the blame only on the Ossetians’ doorstep. Georgia has its share of blame.

Marat Kulakhmetov

Commander of the Joint Peacekeeping Forces
7
The residents of the village of Nikozi find a bomb dropped on 1st of August.
8
Until now, the special forces and Georgian police officers were targeted, but now they turned to bombing civilians. This will lead to serious reaction and serious response.

Lado Vardzelashvili

Governor of Georgia’s Shida Kartli region
9
We can now say for sure, that the so-called Ossetian battalion was taking part, they brought heavy weaponry and shelled the Georgian roadblocks. Let them know that we are not going to make concession any more. If necessary I will die here. Neither the servicemen not the Police will retreat.

Mamuka Kurashvili

Commander of the Georgian Peacekeeping Forces
10
As of 2:00 AM 6 people are killed and 7 are wounded

Mikhail Mindzaev

Interior Minister of the de facto Republic of South Ossetia
11
The international community expresses increasing concern about the developments in the South Ossetian conflict region. We hope the two sides will do their best to reduce tensions.

Alexander Stubb

OSCE Chairman-in-Office and Minister of Foreign Affairs of Finland
12
Commanders of Russia’s airborne troops pledge to support the Russian peacekeepers in Tskhinvali as needed. The Northern Ossetian Government also expresses readiness to assist.
13
Northern Ossetia closely watches the developments in South Ossetia. We are ready to assist our southern kinsmen. We are concerned about the Georgian Government’s actions. They are waging a full-scale war against Ossetia. We are ready to fend off the aggression together.

Teimuraz Mamsurov

The Head of the Republic of North Ossetia
14
If the tensions run high, we’ll declare full mobilization and turn to the Northern Caucasian volunteers for help.

Eduard Kokoiti

President of the de facto Republic of South Ossetia
15
Another group of Russian journalists arrive in Tskhinvali, this time from Makhachkala (Dagestan). They stay there until the the situation escalates. Journalists continue to arrive to the territory of South Ossetia for several days.
1
06:30
The armed forces of the de facto authorities of South Ossetia are deployed in the villages of Znauri and Velebi and open fire at the Georgian Police station in the village of Dvani.
2
More than 500 people - among them 400 children – were moved out of South Ossetia. However, Ermak Dzansolov, First Deputy PM of the Autonomous Republic of Northern Ossetia claims there was no evacuation.
3
During the night, a reconnaissance battalion of the 19th motorized division of Russian 58th Army crosses the Georgian border through the Roki tunnel, and heads for the village of Java.
4
In parallel to deployment of the Russian forces in South Ossetia, the Russian Ministry of Foreign Affairs claims that Georgia has deployed troops and heavy weaponry in Tskhinvali region. Tbilisi denies the accusation.
5
On the evening of August 2nd and through the night of the 3rd, Georgia launched military maneuvers nearby Tskhinvali. This was accompanied by deployment of troops and heavy weaponry in the conflict zone. The threat of a full-scale Georgia-South Ossetia war is becoming a reality.

The Ministry of Foreign affairs of Russia

6
The South Ossetian media reports on mobilization of volunteers in Northern Caucasus.
7
There is no war, just barbaric actions that lead to loss of life. This is how we should consider it. Therefore, they should be dealt with like barbarians, who allowed themselves to bomb a peaceful city. Both Georgians and the forces who are there, should do this.

Teimuraz Mamsurov

The Head of the Republic of North Ossetia
8
The de facto authorities of Abkhazia announce their decision to ban the Georgian-language education in schools in Gali region from September. Sergey Bagapsh, Abkhazia’s de facto President declares the state of emergency and blocks the Enguri Bridge.
9
A rally in support of South Ossetia is held in Vladikavkaz.
10
In a telephone conversation, the Deputy Foreign Minister of Georgia, Grigol Vashadze and Deputy Foreign Minister of Russia, Grigori Karasin discuss the developments in the Tskhinvali region.
11
The provocation that the Kokoiti regime attempted in the Tskhinvali region, was at their own initiative and even the Russian Federation was not prepared for this. Such actions may lead to very dangerous results. That’s why the Russian side contacted me and asked to meet in Moscow.

Grigol Vashadze

Deputy Foreign Minister of Georgia
12
Sergey Bagapsh, de facto President of the self-proclaimed Republic of Abkhazia says that due to tensions in South Ossetia, Sokhumi won’t take part in the August 15 meeting of the UN Secretary General’s Group of Friends in Berlin. The Abkhazian Apsnypress news agency reports that President Bagapsh gave orders to the Ministry of Defense “to place the eastern group of the armed forces on alert”.
13
Tensions are running high in Tskhinvali… Georgia is sending troops to its border with South Ossetia. In this situation we cannot converse with either the Group of Friends or the Georgian side. We’ll be watching the developments in South Ossetia and if they take a better turn, we will consider changing our decision.

Sergey Bagapsh

President of the de facto Republic of Abkhazia
1
At night, 10 Russian armored vehicles arrive in Georgia from Russia and are distributed among various separatist formations of the de facto authorities of South Ossetia. Two units are handed over to the formations deployed in the village of Dmenisi.
2
They can shoot all they want, we can stand up to their attacks. We once again, call upon them to stop terrorist attacks and provocations and pay more attention to the peace initiatives.

Mamuka Kurashvili

Commander of the Georgian Peacekeeping Forces
3
Moscow is trying to create an illusion of a war with the purpose of hindering international attempts to revive the peace process.

Temur Iakobashvili

State Minister for Reintegration of Georgia
4
We urge all sides to reduce tensions. NATO is aware of the recent hostilities in South Ossetia that claimed many lives.

Carmen Romero

Acting NATO Spokesperson
5
The Estonian Minister of Foreign Affairs, Urmas Paet suggests that the states which are not directly involved in the conflicts in Abkhazia and South Ossetia should take on the peacekeeping mission.
6
Peacekeeping in those regions would be an appropriate task for the EU. We need international efforts to settle the conflicts.

Urmas Paet

Minister of Foreign Affairs of the Republic of Estonia
7
18:40
President of de facto Republic of South Ossetia, Eduard Kokoiti receives a telegram from the Commander of the Don Cossacks and a Russian MP, Victor Vodolatski, containing a pledge of armed support.
8
This is a show targeted at those in high places in Russia who have been funding the (separatist) regime for years. All they want is to create an illusion of being active, caring about their people etc. Their pronouncements have nothing to do with the reality.

Kakha Lomaia

The Secretary of the Security Council of Georgia
9
We understand that the OSCE is investigating the incidents and look forward to their report. The incidents underscore the necessity of immediate increase of the number of the OSCE observers in South Ossetia and the commencement of joint Georgia-Russia monitoring of the Roki Tunnel, to put an end to the illicit movement of arms, ammunition and military formations in the region.

Gonzalo Gallegos

Speaker of the US State Department
1
Shelling of the Georgian villages resumes.
2
09:00
The Georgian Ministry of Interior receives information (through the interception of a telephone conversation) regarding the order of Mikhail Mindzaev, the Interior Minister of de facto Republic of South Ossetia, to destroy the Georgian village of Dvani.
3
Temur Iakobashvili explains, that the OSCE report, signed by General Marat Kulakhmetov, mentions that the Ossetian side used banned weapons in the shelling of the Georgian villages on 1st and 2nd of August.
4
15:10
Russian Media reports the arrival of about 150 mercenaries from North Caucasus to Tskhinvali. The Northern Caucasian mercenaries keep arriving through the 10th of August.
5
This will be all over if there is a sincere desire to sign the Agreement of Non-use of Force and Agreement on Security Guarantees.

Viacheslav Kovalenko

Russian Ambassador to Georgia
6
40 units of Russian self-propelled artillery and a reconnaissance battalion of the 33rd Botlikh Motor-rifle Brigade proceed through the Roki Tunnel and join the armed formations deployed in Java.
7
Units of Russia’s 58th Army, including 135th separate motorized rifle regiment from Prokhladni (Kabardino-Balkaria) and 653rd separate motorized rifle regiment from Zaramag (N. Ossetia) are deployed near the Roki Tunnel.
8
The Georgian Ministry of the Interior arranges a visit to the conflict zone for journalists and diplomats, including Viacheslav Kovalenko, Russian Ambassador in Georgia to demonstrate that the Georgians are not preparing for war.
9
As strongly as never before, through cooperation with the parties and supporting the existing negotiations format, the EU wishes to engage in the search for ways of settling the conflicts in Georgia. Once again, the EU calls for moderation and a prompt resumption of talks.

The statement of the EU issued on 5 August

1
The Georgian villages of Eredvi, Prisi, Avnevi, Dvani and Nuli are shelled.
2
The South Ossetian media reports that shops and various institutions are being closed down in Tskhinvali. The Russian and local personnel of the Russian military base are temporarily discharged from duties.
3
Temur Iakobashvili, State Minister for Reintegration of Georgia reports his conversation with Yuri Popov, the Russian co-chairperson of the Joint Control Commission, who had said he was planning a visit to Georgia in order to attend a meeting with the South Ossetians.
4
~ 19:30
I talked to Popov 17 minutes ago and he told me he was going to arrive in Tbilisi on the morning of August 7, and we’ll then go to Tskhinvali together. The talks will take place at the HQ of the Joint Peacekeeping Forces (in Tskhinvali).

Temur Iakobashvili

State Minister for Reintegration of Georgia
5
President of the de facto Republic of South Ossetia, Eduard Kokoiti and Boris Chochiev, a member of the joint control commission refuse to participate in the talks of the Joint Control Commission on August 7.
6
British Ambassador to Georgia, Denis Keefe arrives in Tskhinvali.
7
Despite the protests of the Georgian peacekeeping battalion, the Joint Peacekeeping Forces cease monitoring and patrolling the conflict zone on August 6.
1
03:25
The Georgian Interior Ministry receives first information confirming that a Russian military unit is crossing through the Roki Tunnel.
2
Intensive fire is opened towards Georgia-controlled territory from the villages of Dmenisi, Ubiati and Khetagurovo. The fire continues through the night and into the morning.
3
“Yuzhnaia Ossetia” (South Ossetia), the main newspaper of South Ossetia, reports that the de facto leader is travelling to the village of Java to meet the officials of the Russian Ministry of Defense.
4
09:30
The Georgian Ministry of the Interior intercepts a telephone conversation of a high-ranking official of the armed forces of de facto authorities, who speaks about a forthcoming attack against the Georgian villages of Avnevi and Dvani.
5
The Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Georgia issues a statement regarding the entry of the Russian troops and heavy weaponry tothe Georgian territory through the Roki Tunnel and declares this as an act of an aggression against a sovereign state.
6
I have come here for negotiations, but as far as I know, in view of the recent developments, the South Ossetian side has doubt about their necessity. If so, I’m embarking on another round of the routine shuttle diplomacy, which has become a tradition.

Yuri Popov

Russian Ambassador-at-Large
7
A military aircraft (presumed Russian) enters Georgian airspace from the separatist-controlled territory and drops several bombs near the village of Shavshebi, some 300-500 meters away from a Georgian radar.
8
12:00
The President of de facto Republic of Abkhazia, Sergey Bagapsh issues an order to place Abkhazian armed forces on alert, in order to support South Ossetia.
9
14:00
The peacekeepers’ roadblock in the village of Avnevi comes under large-caliber artillery fire, opened from the village of Khetagurovo, controlled by the de facto authorities. Two Georgian peacekeepers are killed and 5 are wounded. 1 armored vehicle is destroyed. The shelling of the village continues until 16:00.
10
The villages of Nuli, Kurta, Tamarasheni, Upper Prisi and Shavshvebi are shelled as well. Russian tanks enter the village of Megvrekisi.
11
14:30
The Ministry of Defense of Georgia declares mobilization.
12
Anatoly Barankevitch, the Russian officer heading the so-called Security Council of the de facto Republic of South Ossetia, states that the military formations entering from North Ossetia join the South Ossetian troops in their struggle against Georgia.
13
The Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Russia expresses ‘concern regarding Georgia’s preparations for war against South Ossetia’.
14
16:00
By 16:00 the shelling of the Georgian villages of Nuli and Avnevi is resumed. Ossetian fighters blow up a Georgian combat vehicle leaving 3 Georgian servicemen injured.
15
In Gori hospital, where he was visiting two wounded Georgian servicemen:
I’d like to say that despite our regular contact with the Russian diplomats, attacks against the Georgian Police and peacekeeping forces, as well as on peaceful villages, continue on a daily basis. I would like to say explicitly, and I am sure that further confrontation is not in the interest of Russian Federation, and of course, this is not in the interest of Georgia.

Mikheil Saakashvili

President of Georgia
16
In an interview with Russian media, recorded in the morning, Eduard Kokoiti, President of the de facto Republic of Ossetia, warns that unless Georgia pulls out its troops, he will start “clearing the territory”.
17
15:00 - 17:00
Temur Iakobashvili, State Minister for Reintegration of Georgia, leaves for Tskhinvali, where Georgia-Ossetia negotiations are planned to take place. However, neither Yuri Popov, the Russian co-chair of the Joint Control Commission, nor Boris Chochiev, Ossetia’s representative, turn up. He meets General Marat Kulakhmetov, Commander of the Peacekeeping Forces instead, who tells Iakobashvili that he is unable to contact Eduard Kokoiti and that the Russian peacekeepers are no longer able to keep the situation under control. Kulakhmetov suggests that Georgia should declare a unilateral ceasefire, so that Russia is able to settle the conflict.
18
Later on, in conversation with Iakobashvili, Yuri Popov claims that the reason for his absence was a flat tire.
19
17:00
General Marat Kulakhmetov, Commander of the Joint Peacekeeping Forces, refuses to guarantee safety of the Georgian servicemen at the HQ of the Joint Peacekeeping Forces. General Mamuka Kurashvili, Commander of the Georgian Peacekeeping Forces orders the Georgian officers to leave the Tskhinvali HQ.
20
17:10
Despite heavy losses and continued bombardment of the Georgian villages, Georgian police and peacekeepers cease fire by 5:00 p.m. in order to reduce tensions. Temur Iakobashvili informs General Kulakhmetov of this ahead of time.
21
Footages of the people injured in Tskhinvali appears in the media.
22
19:10
In his TV appearance, Georgian President confirms the cease-fire and calls on Russia and the separatist Ossetian leaders to resume negotiations.
23
I must admit that a few hours ago, I, as the Commander-in-Chief, issued an order, a very painful order to the Georgian military and Police units to cease all fire and not retaliate to the intensive bombardment.

Mikheil Saakashvili

President of Georgia
24
Around 23:00 the Georgian Government learns about a Russian convoy of over 100 armored vehicles proceeding through the Roki Tunnel. Georgian Government contacts Matthew Bryza, Deputy Assistant Secretary of State, for European and Eurasian Affairs, and informs him that the only way to defend their country is to deter the Russian armament coming out from the Roki Tunnel.
25
23:35
In response to Russia’s aggression and the continued shelling of the Georgian villages under control of the central authorities, Georgian President Saakashvili issues three orders to the Joint Staff:
1. to defend civilian population in the Tskhinvali region, the so-called South Ossetia;
2. to neutralize the firing points targeting the civilians and the Georgian peacekeepers;
3. to hinder the movement of the Russian military forces towards the Tskhinvali region via the Roki tunnel.
26
23:50
The Georgian artillery opens fire.
27
In a late-night TV appearance, Mamuka Kurashvili, Commander of the Georgian Peacekeeping Forces, states that because of resumed firing by the Ossetian side, a decision has been made “to restore constitutional order” in Tskhinvali.
28
Later, the official Tbilisi stated that General Kurashvili was not authorized to make a statement about “restoring constitutional order”.
1
00:25
In a telephone conversation with General Mamuka Kurashvili, Commander of the Georgian Peacekeeping Battalion, Marat Kulakhmetov, Commander of the Joint Peacekeeping Forces admits that the Russian peacekeepers have been disclosing the coordinates of the positions of the Georgian armed forces to the Ossetian armed formations.
2
02:40
In a telephone conversation, Grigori Karasin, Russian Deputy Minister of Foreign Affairs informs Grigol Vashadze, Deputy Minister of Foreign Affairs of Georgia, that Russia is launching a military operation in the Tskhinvali region. Alleged loss of life among the Russian peacekeepers is cited as the reason for the operation. The first Georgia-Russia hostilities are reported at 6:00 a.m., three hours after this conversation.
3
Since midnight, Georgian forces start to go on the offensive with the objective to destroy the road between the Roki Tunnel and Tskhinvali.
4
04:10
Viacheslav Kovalenko, Russian Ambassador to Georgia visits the Deputy Minister of Foreign Affairs, Grigol Vashadze at the Ministry and informs him that the Russian Ministry of Foreign Affairs is no longer involved in the decision-making regarding the military operation and that the General Staff of the Ministry of Defense is in charge.
5
05:00
The Georgian armed forces control 10 villages in the Tskhinvali region: Tsinagari, Orchosani, Gromi, Artsevi, Mugati, Dmenisi, Didmukha, Okuna and Akuti.
6
05:20
The Russian military units leave the village of Java, cross the Gupta Bridge and proceed towards the Dzara bypass road.
7
06:00
Forces of the Ministry of Defense and Ministry of Interior of Georgia enter Tskhinvali from the village of Upper Nikozi in order to destroy the firing points in the so-called Shanghai, south-west of the city. On the way, they come under fire from the Russian peacekeepers’ HQ, the so-called “Verkhni Gorodok” (upper town). Georgian forces return fire and request additional heavy weaponry. As even the Ossetian Media confirmed later, the roof of the Russian peacekeepers’ HQ located in “Verkhni Gorodok” was used to correct artillery fire against the Georgian forces.
8
06:35
The Georgian air forces and artillery shell the Gupta Bridge which links the Java region, south of the Roki Tunnel, with Tskhinvali. The shelling impedes the movement of the Russian convoy.
9
Washington calls upon Russia “to influence the separatists in order to stop fighting”.
10
09:00
By 09:00 the Georgian forces control the villages of Znauri, Khetagurovo and Kokhati. They also keep control of about ten other villages taken at dawn.
11
09:45
The Russian air force` strikes the village of Shavshebi and the Poti-Tbilisi highway. During the day, the target area expands, Russian air force strikes the town of Gori, villages in Kareli region and military bases in Vaziani, Marneuli and Bolnisi shelled.
12
Tbilisi declares Mobilization of the reservists.
13
Addressing an extraordinary meeting of the Russian Security Council, President Dmitri Medvedev accuses Georgia of attacking the Russian citizens in South Ossetia.
14
11:00
The Georgian troops entering Tskhinvali from the village of Upper Nikozi come under fire from the roofs of the residential, administrative and other civilian buildings that are used by the de facto authorities as military positions.
15
11:00
The military forces of the de facto South Ossetian authorities ground a Russian SU-25 fighter jet, pounding Tskhinvali, mistaking it for a Georgian aircraft. Several hours earlier, at 6:25 a.m. the Georgian air forces flew over Tskhinvali and did not lose an aircraft.
16
The situation is aggravating by the hour. As you see on your TV screens, the Georgian side uses heavy weaponry; the Georgians have expanded their combat area attacking the South Ossetia civilians. The humanitarian aid is coming from Russia. There are reports of ethnic cleansing in South Ossetia.

Sergey Lavrov

The Russian Minister of Foreign Affairs
17
We call for restraint from the actions posing threat to the civilians. Immediate and unconditional ceasefire to be followed by direct negotiations in order to achieve peaceful and permanent settlement of the conflict is the top priority.

Council of Europe

18
14:15
The Georgian Government declares ceasefire from 3:00 p.m. to 6:00 p.m. to allow civilian residents of Tskhinvali to leave the city. If the separatists give themselves up, they are offered amnesty and humanitarian aid.
19
14:30
The Georgian military controls almost the entire town of Tskhinvali, with small pockets of remaining resistance.
20
Russians are shelling Georgian military bases outside the conflict zone.
21
18:45
Units of the Russian 58th Army approach Tskhinvali from the Dzara bypass road and open intense fire towards the Georgian forces in Tskhinvali and surrounding heights.
22
20:30
After severe clashes in Tskhinvali, the Georgian troops begin to pull out from the city center and take up positions on its southern outskirts. The Russian tanks enter the eastern part of Tskhinvali.
23
Terry Davis, the Secretary General of Council of Europe, states that Georgia is on the brink of a full-scale war, likely to be disastrous for the population of the region.
24
Two missiles launched from “Tochka-U” short-range missile system of Russia’s 58th Army deployed in Ochamchire, Abkhazia, hit the center of the Georgian seaport of Poti.
25
The US Secretary of State Condoleezza Rice calls for immediate ceasefire and withdrawal of the Russian troops from Georgia.
26
Russian PM, Vladimir Putin accuses Georgia of starting the hostilities and threatens with an adequate response from Moscow.
27
It is unfortunate that just a day before the start of the Olympic Games, the Georgian Government resumed aggression in South Ossetia.

Vladimir Putin

Prime Minister of Russia
28
DMITRY MEDVEDEV OFFICIALLY STATED, THAT HISTORICALLY, RUSSIA HAS ALWAYS BEEN AND WILL BE THE GUARANTOR OF SECURITY IN THE CAUCASUS.
29
Towards the end of the day, Georgian President, Saakashvili declares that the entire South Ossetia except for Java region is under Georgia’s control and that the Russian airstrikes left about 30 people dead.
30
The Georgian Government has embarked on a dirty adventure. The bloodshed will be their responsibility. We won’t allow anyone to hurt our peacekeepers and Russian citizens.

The Ministry of Defense of Russia

31
On 8 August, there were 22 violations of the Georgian air space by the Russian fighter jets.
32
The Russian Ministry of Defense reports 2,000 civilians killed as a result of the onslaught on Tskhinvali, which is strikingly different from the figures published by the Russian Prosecutor General’s Office on 21st of August: the Russian investigators reported 133 civilians dead.
33
Mikheil Saakashvili states that Georgia opened fire and in response of shelling of Georgian villages and went offensive.
34
Russian armored vehicles are moving in the village of Megvrekisi.
1
During the night, the Georgian forces keep their control over the southern districts of Tskhinvali.
2
The Georgian troops deployed in western Georgia are transferred to Tskhinvali region, so that they can engage in military operation.
3
Russian PM Vladimir Putin arrived in Vladikavkaz (Northern Ossetia) to direct the military operation.
4
Abkhazia’s de facto authorities request the UN mission in Georgia to pull out from upper Abkhazia and inform them of the plans to launch a joint military operation with the Russian forces. The UN mission agrees to the request and immediately pulls out from upper Abkhazia.
5
10:20
The Georgian forces down a Russian fighter jet in Gori and take the pilot prisoner of war.
6
As a result of the airstrikes, Port of Poti, military bases of Senaki and Vaziani, Gachiani, Kopitnari airport and Gori are Bombed.
7
11:40
The Russian air-landing troops enter Tskhinvali from the north-west and the village of Tbeti.
8
12:00 - 13:00
The reinforcements of the Georgian Ministry of Defense enter Tskhinvali and are met with fierce resistance of the forces riding the Russian peacekeepers’ armored vehicles.
9
14:00
The Russian air forces attack upper Abkhazia (Kodori Valley) in several locations.
10
14:30
Georgia declares the state of war and full mobilization. The Georgian Parliament unanimously (90 votes against 0) supports the Presidential order.
11
According to the statement of the Government of Georgia, 55 people were killed over the last few days.
12
Our peacekeepers have regained control over Tskhinvali and all we want is for the Georgians to return to their pre-conflict positions.

Dmytri Rogozin

Russian Ambassador to NATO
13
The Georgian Government orders withdrawal of the Georgian servicemen from Iraq so that they can engage in combat operations.
14
Russian 58th Army deployed in the North Caucasus enters South Ossetia, Georgia.
15
15:45
Sergey Bagapsh, the Abkhazian separatist leader informs about the bombardment of upper Abkhazia and sends troops to the area.
16
16:00
The Russian Black Sea Fleet enters the Georgian territorial waters and starts patrolling Abkhazia’s coastline.
17
16:40
The Russian warships prevent a Moldovan “Lotus 1” vessel loaded with flour from entering the Poti port.
18
In the north-west of Tskhinvali, Georgian forces destroy Russian military convoy. General Khrulyov, Commander of 58th Army, who was leading the convoy, is wounded.
19
22:30
Russian air forces strike against Chkhalta, the administrative center of upper Abkhazia, Georgia.
20
The Georgian troops start a gradual pullout from Tskhinvali and take positions to the south of Tskhinvali.
21
The threats in South Ossetia are no smaller than in any other instance of the post-Soviet imperialism.

Der Standard

22
By the 9th of August, the websites of several ministries, the Georgian Parliament and National Bank come under a cyberattack. Images of Saakashvili and Hitler appear on the site of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs.
23
From August 9 to August 10, almost none of the domains of the Georgian official institutions operate. Apart from the President’s website, 38 major websites in Georgia are targeted, including those of the the Ministry of Foreign Affairs, National Bank, Parliament, Supreme Court, US and UK embassies and of several international organizations and news agencies.
24
According to the report of the Ministry of Interior of Georgia, Georgian troops destroyed 40 tanks which were attacking Tskhinvali from the North.
25
This is an operation that was planned well in advance. The Russian troops have been concentrated at our borders over the last few months. Moscow has been on the look-out for any excuse and provocation to enter the country in force. This is a thinly veiled illegitimate international aggression aimed at the destruction of our country.

Mikheil Saakashvili

President of Georgia
26
George Bush calls upon Russia to stop combat operations.
27
Demonstration in support of Georgia is held in New-York City.
1
During the night, the inflow of the Russian forces to Georgian territory through the Roki Tunnel continues - 300 tanks and over 10,000 servicemen enter.
2
00:10
Russian warships sail towards the Poti port. Referring to Igor Digalo, Press Secretary of the Russian Navy, the Russian media reports sinking of a Georgian warship off the Georgian coast after a short battle. The Russian vessels prevent other ships from heading toward the Poti port. Russians also sink the Georgian patrol boats located in Poti.
3
04:00
Russians occupy the Greater Liakhvi Valley.
4
05:40
The military base in Vaziani, Bako-Supsa-Ceyhan oil pipeline and Kodori Valley are shelled.
5
07:00
The Georgian armed forces pull out of South Ossetia, Georgia.
6
In a telephone conversation, Eka Tkeshelashvili, the Minister of Foreign Affairs of Georgia, informs her Russian counterpart, Sergey Lavrov, of the withdrawal of Georgian troops from South Ossetia and requests a ceasefire. Foreign Lavrov refuses.
7
10:00
The Georgian armed forces leave Prone Valley to the Russians.
8
The Russian Defense Ministry states that up to 6,000 servicemen have been deployed to Abkhazia by air and sea.
9
11:00
The Georgian Police starts evacuating civilians from Kodori Valley.
10
12:20 - 15:15
The Russian fighter jets pound Kodori Valley nonstop. Later on, the town of Gori and the village of Anaklia also come under the Russian air strikes.
11
In his report to the UN Security Council, the UN Assistant Secretary General, Edmond Mulet says that the observer mission in Georgia is noting continual bombardment of the Georgian villages in Kodori Valley and significant movement of the Abkhazian heavy weaponry and troops towards the valley. Mulet underlines, that the Russian peacekeepers do not prevent the actions of the Abkhazian separatists and emphasizes that this is a gross breach of their mandate. Backing down to threats of the Abkhazian separatists, 15 UN observers pull out from Kodori Valley.
12
General Sergey Chaban, Commander of the CIS peacekeeping contingent demands disarmament of the Georgian officials and their withdrawal from the town of Zugdidi. If these demands are not adhered to, the General threatens to use force, namely up to 9,000 servicemen and 350 tanks that Russia deployed to Abkhazia.
13
14:40
Sergey Bagapsh, Abkhazia’s de facto President, declares mobilization and the state of war.
14
We feel responsibility towards the people of South Ossetia and we mean to live up to our commitment even if it is a breach of agreements with Russia. We were not the first to breach them. The ends justify the means.

Sergey Bagapsh

Abkhazia’s de facto President
15
The Government of Georgia states that 45 servicemen are wounded and 47 civilians are killed; the number of the internally displaced reaches 25,000.
16
We have been in close touch with the international community but unfortunately, what we have gotten, so far, are words, promises, moral support and humanitarian aid. However, we need much more. We want them to stop the rampant, reckless and barbaric aggressor that has entered the Georgian territory.

Mikheil Saakashvili

President of Georgia
17
The Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Georgia addresses the Russian Embassy in Tbilisi with the request to ceasefire.
18
22:30
Crossing the Enguri River administrative border between breakaway Abkhazia and the rest of Georgia, Russian forces enter the Samegrelo region, from which the Georgian troops have been deployed to the Tskhinvali region.
19
Grigori Karasin, Russia’s Deputy Minister of Foreign Affairs lays down the ceasefire terms: Georgian troops must return to their pre-conflict positions and commit to non-use of force.
20
Alexander Lomaia, Secretary of the Security Council of Georgia states that Georgia has requested the US Secretary of State, Condoleezza Rice to mediate the crisis in South Ossetia with Moscow (France Press, 10 August).
21
In order to develop an EU peace plan, the French President, Nicolas Sarkozy, acting as the EU President since July 2008, holds regular telephone conversations with Mikheil Saakashvili, Dmitry Medvedev, Angela Merkel and George W. Bush.
22
The French and Finnish Foreign Ministers, Bernard Kouchner and Alexander Stubb arrive in the Georgian capital, Tbilisi, to hold talks with President Saakashvili. From Tbilisi they travel to Moscow for negotiations.
23
At the moment, Russia is a party to the conflict, not a mediator; this has to be made clear when negotiations for ceasefire and peace talks begin.

Mr.Alexander Stubb

OSCE Chairman-in-Office and Minister of Foreign Affairs of Finland
24
Controlled ceasefire is to be the first step in the de-escalation. The second stage should be humanitarian aid to the affected people – you need ceasefire for this. Third – both sides have to withdraw forces, this should be a controlled withdrawal, which means we need observers; fourth - resumption of the peace process.

Bernard Kouchner

Minister of Foreign Affairs of France
1
Bombardment of the Georgian towns and villages continues in the conflict region and upper Abkhazia, as well as in Adjara and other regions.
2
Russian troops enter the towns of Senaki and Zugdidi.
3
Russian warships block the entry of ships into the Georgian Black Sea territorial waters.
4
01:00
Russians occupy the villages of Kheiti, Ergneti and Nikozi.
5
This morning, the Russian mission to NATO decided to request the Alliance leaders to call an extraordinary NATO-Russia session. Prior to making any statement, we want NATO to work with us and verify facts. The decision should be made by NATO after learning about our arguments, our information, and after learning about our view of the conflict settlement. That’s why the NATO-Russia partnership is important.

Dmitry Rogozin

Russian Ambassador to NATO
6
11:00
Russians occupy the Smaller Liakhvi Valley.
7
11:30
Russian troops enter the villages of Variani, Khviti, Brotsleti and Tirdznisi.
8
Russian tanks are moving in Tskhinvali.
9
12:00
The evacuation of the civilians from Kodori Valley is completed.
10
17:00
Russian units enter the town of Zugdidi, occupy the administrative buildings and demand the local Police to lay down arms.
11
In the village of Shindisi, a platoon of the Senaki second infantry brigade fights against the motor-rifle company of the Russian 58th Army. At 6:10a.m. the Russians occupy the village.
12
19:30
The Russian troops occupy the town of Senaki and destroy a nearby military base.
13
20:00
A Russian convoy of 70 units of heavy vehicles and 600 servicemen cross the town of Zugdidi and proceed towards the Jvari-Khaishi. Siege of Kodori Valley appears likely. The Georgian Police starts pulling out from the valley.
14
20:00
Moving to the south of the town of Gori, the Russian troops close in on the villages of Variani and Tkviavi.
15
22:00
The Georgian forces leave the town of Mtskheta and deploy on the outskirts of the capital, Tbilisi.
16
The Russians want to see Georgians stricken with panic. I call for calm. Although the situation is grave, it is stable. The Georgian forces are fighting bravely. The Georgian Government is in control. The public morale matters a lot.

Eka Zguladze

The Deputy Minister of Interior of Georgia
17
After the air strikes, the Russians occupy the town of Gori outside the conflict zone and blockade the highway between East and West Georgia.
18
President Saakashvili signs the ceasefire agreement drafted by the French, Finnish and Georgian Foreign Ministers. The French and Finnish Foreign Ministers take it to Moscow to persuade Russian President Medvedev to sign it.
19
Moscow’s statements yesterday and the day before, make no secret that the objective of the military operation is ousting the Georgian Government and changing the political course of the country, which means the end to Georgia’s independence.

Mikheil Saakashvili

President of Georgia
20
Maybe now the West can finally realize who Vladimir Putin is.

Washington Post

21
The list of options that frustrated Russia may employ to create problems to the US far beyond Syria and the Caucasus is much longer.

New York Times

1
Bombardment and occupation of the Georgian towns and villages, destruction of the military bases, bridges, plants, houses and infrastructure continues. Reports arrive about the ethnic cleansing of the Georgian villages.
2
11:00
Russian and separatist Abkhazian units launch a ground attack against Kodori Valley.
3
11:30 - 12:00
Baku-Supsa oil pipeline and the town of Gori are hit by the Iskander-M SS26 short-range missiles. The missiles hit the central square of Gori and the stadium. 8 civilians are killed and 15 wounded. According to the Human Rights Watch, RBK-250 cluster bomb was used.
4
Russia has attacked a neighboring sovereign state and threatens to oust its democratically elected Government. Such action is unacceptable in XXIc.

George Bush

US President
5
The Russians hijack the Georgian patrol boats.
6
12:40
In a telephone conversation, Russian President Dmitri Medvedev informs the EU High Representative for Common Foreign and Security Policy, Javier Solana, that Moscow’s military operation has achieved its goal and he has decided to terminate the operation.
7
At the meeting with the Minister of Defense and the Military Staff Commanders, the Russian President states:
"In line with your reports, I ordered the termination of the military operation in Georgia. The safety of the Russian peacekeepers and the local population is secured. The aggressor has been punished and suffered heavy losses."
This is in contradiction with his order, issued on the same day that calls the Generals to carry on hostilities in Georgia.
8
15:00
The Russian Black Sea Fleet destroys Georgian coastal boats.
9
15:30
The Russian forces enter villages in the Gori and Kareli regions, allowing the armed formations of the de facto South Ossetian authorities to loot and to commence ethnic cleansing.
10
Meeting Russian President Medvedev, his French counterpart, Nicolas Sarkozy presents him the EU cease-fire plan. From Moscow, Sarkozy travels to Tbilisi to present the same plan to the Georgian leader, Saakashvili.
11
Europe can’t stay impassive. It should express its political stance. The EU becomes the guarantor of the peace process in the region. I should say that I met some high officials in Moscow. We want to mediate the conflict. After the cease-fire plan has been implemented, it will be necessary to negotiate the format of the peacekeeping forces in the conflict zone.

Nicolas Sarkozy

French President
12
A Russian helicopter opens fire at a passenger bus (Ford Transit, TBS 442) moving towards the town of Gori. 9 civilians are killed.
13
16:00
The Russian troops block the highway linking East and West Georgia.
14
16:00
The Russian units enter the town of Gori. Russian soldiers enter the territory of the Gori TV-transmission tower. One employee is killed and three are wounded; Equipment is destroyed. As a result, the only Russian-language TV channel “Alania” is unable to broadcast. The Georgian Public Broadcaster signal cannot be received either.
15
17:00 - 18:00
The Abkhazian separatist units occupy the villages of Upper and Lower Azhara and Ganmukhuri in Kodori Valley.
16
18:00
The Russian Black Sea Navy attacks and destroys the Georgian vessels in the Poti port.
17
The French ceasefire resolution is discussed at the extraordinary meeting of the UN Security Council. Appearing at a press-conference, Russia’s Permanent Representative to the UN, Vitali Churkin, states that Russia will not support the resolution. His Georgian counterpart Irakli Alasania says the document is acceptable.
18
The Polish, Estonian, Ukrainian and Lithuanian Presidents and the Latvian PM arrive in Tbilisi. Appearing at their side at a rally held on Rustaveli Ave., President Saakashvili declares the decision of the Government of Georgia to withdraw from the CIS.
19
19:00
A Russian convoy of 70 armored vehicles and 600 servicemen enters upper Abkhazia, moves towards the village of Khaishi and shuts off Kodori Valley.
20
20:40
The Abkhazian separatist forces finalize the occupation of the entire Kodori Valley (upper Abkhazia).
21
The operation has nothing to do with South Ossetia. We are liberating our territories. The Russian President has declared that the aggressor (Georgia) is defeated in South Ossetia. However, the Georgian troops are still present on our territory. We won’t stop the operation until they leave.

Sergey Shamba

Abkhazia’s de facto Foreign Secretary
22
We have repeatedly offered the Georgians to leave Kodori Valley to avoid bloodshed, but they refused. That’s why we had to use aviation and artillery. By 5:00 a.m. today, we moved to the north of Kodori and we have now reached the settlement of Jara and are proceeding towards the state border of Abkhazia.

Sergey Bagapsh

Abkhazia’s de facto President
23
A three-day mourning is declared in Georgia.
24
It was Russia’s revenge, which revealed Europe’s weaknesses.

Le Monde

1
Russian tanks appear on the Tbilisi-Gori highway.
2
US President, George Bush declares that he is sending the Secretary of State on a special mission to Georgia and France.
3
The Police receive reports of war crimes committed in the conflict zone villages of Avnevi, Tseronisi, Knolevi, Khandaki, Doesi, Karaghandi and Tkviavi. The residents of the Georgian villages are hiding in the woods. The Georgian Interior Ministry reports cases of 1040 thefts, 89 lootings, 132 robberies, 13 rapes, 7 illegitimate detention and 164 cases of damaged property.
4
The Western press reports about the 100,000 internally displaced people.
5
In their statement, the EU ministers call for the settlement of the conflict within the context of Georgia’s territorial integrity, express support to President Sarkozy’s settlement plan and voice their readiness to get involved in the peace process, including ‘in-situ’.
6
We are reinforcing security, there are 60-70 people deployed, together with the forces of the Ministry of Interior. We are going to control the border crossings. There are all sorts of people around. We want it all to be legitimate. I don’t see any armed formations here but if they are detected, we’ll destroy them.

Sergey Bagapsh

Abkhazia’s de facto President
7
The Georgian Ombudsman appeals to the leaders of the democratic countries and the international organizations not to abandon Georgia and to apply drastic measures in order to secure the internationally recognized principles, to assist Georgian people and to protect their freedom.
8
Yesterday at 2 o'clock, or rather, at dawn today, I and US ambassador Tefft were together when we learned that the Heidelberg Cement Factory in which Germans invested invested, was destroyed. What purpose can it serve?

Mathew Braiza

Deputy secretary if state
9
The first US aircraft carrying the humanitarian aid lands at the Tbilisi International Airport.
10
Tents are set up for the injured people in Tskhinvali.
1
Tents are set up for the IDPs in Tbilisi.
2
120 Estonian reservists arrive to assist the IDPs in Georgia.
3
After the Russian troops enter the town of Gori once again, Georgia loses control over the city.
4
Russian tanks still present in the Georgian city of Zugdidi.
5
Turkish President, Receb Tayyip Erdogan arrives in Tbilisi.
6
Major states do not like to see the other big states strengthen. The trap was laid in Georgia.

Time

7
Russia has not made a single incorrect step from the day its tanks entered South Ossetia via the Roki Tunnel... It was a rapid, radical and deadly attack, enough to make Georgians flee in panic. Their chaotic flight was captured by the international TV cameras. The destruction was painful enough but not quite of the scale to make the world stand up in indignation

Time

1
Russian tanks and armored vehicles are still present in Gori.
2
Russian tanks are still present in the city of Senaki.
3
Demonstrations in support of Georgia are held in New-York City again.
4
Human Rights Watch experts detect evidence that the residential areas in Georgia were shelled by the Russian cluster bombs (banned by 107 countries). The air strikes since August 6th kill 11 civilians and tens are injured.
5
The Russian helicopters circling over the Borjomi-Tsemi woods drop flame projectiles, causing fire in some 12-15 locations. The fire in the area cannot be put out for 26 days.
6
The Ministry of Environmental Protection reports 950.9 hectare of woodland (in Borjomi-Bakuriani, Charkhistskali and the villages of Tba and Tsaghveri) destroyed. After the termination of combat, the Damage-Assessment Commission estimated the damage done to the woods in Borjomi and Ateni valleys, as well as the to the areas adjacent to Gori as a result of fires at the nearby road, as 1 billion 212 million 595 thousand GEL.
7
Regular Russian helicopter flights are detected over the Borjomi-Tsemi woods. Each flight leaves a new source of fire. The fire brigades in Samtskhe-Javakheti region and the locals are hard at work. There is no panic.

Eka Zguladze

The Deputy Minister of Interior
8
The Russian Ministry of Defense refuses entry to the Georgian air space to the Turkish and Ukrainian rescue planes arriving to put out the fire in Borjomi.
9
9 units of Russian armored vehicles, accompanied by 3 MI-24 helicopters are heading for Tbilisi. However, they stop close to the village of Igoeti (Kaspi region), some 25km from Tbilisi and set up a checkpoint.
10
The Russian troops start withdrawal from Poti, taking “Black Shark” boats, 2 patrol boats and some coast patrol equipment with them.
11
Today, I’ve signed a cease-fire but not the final agreement.

Mikheil Saakashvili

President of Georgia
12
We support Georgia’s sovereignty. We support its independence. We support its territorial integrity. We support its democracy and its democratically elected government. That is America’s position. And in my discussions with my European colleagues, it is the position of the Europeans as well. Now, in order to stabilize the situation in Georgia, we need international observers on the scene fast. And eventually, we need a more robust and impartial peacekeeping international force that would follow those monitors.

Condoleezza Rice

US Secretary of State
13
Let’s call a spade a spade. The Ossetian population has experienced genocide, that’s what it was. Healing the wounds will take years, maybe decades. Putting an end to the destruction of the whole people was totally legitimate, inevitable and fully justified.

Dmitri Medvedev

Russian President
14
Georgia’s territorial integrity does not matter much in the new reality that was created by the recent dramatic developments. We fully respect the will of the peoples residing in the conflict regions. Therefore, given the specific situation, territorial integrity should be viewed from various angles. Understandingly, for the de facto governments, there is a problem of territories, which emerges each time a conflict flares up. The problem causes special concern for the local population.

Vitaly Churkin

Russia’s Permanent Representative to the UN
15
Last night was relatively calm. It is now crucial for the police to enter. However, it still causes concern. The governor and the city services are operating. The power supply and telephone communications are being restored. Due to the damaged TV tower, broadcasting still remains a problem. Unfortunately, they are not giving us the opportunity to repair the tower.

Kakha Lomaia

The Secretary of the Security Council of Georgia
-

The war was not over on August 15

The Georgian side signed the Agreement to cease fire and return to pre-conflict positions on 12th of August, the Russian side signed this agreement on 16th of August.
Although Russian President Dmitri Medvedev ordered the cease-fire, shelling, looting, marauding and ethnic cleansing in the Georgian villages continued for days.


Russia did not live up to its promise to pull troops out of the territory of Georgia.
The Russian forces created the so-called buffer zones in Akhalgori and Perevi along the conflict region.
On 26 August 2008, Moscow recognized independence of the so-called South Ossetia and Abkhazia.
The Georgian Government considered this decision as annexation and occupation and declared Russia an occupant country.
Since the end of the August war more than 50 incidents of ‘borderisation’ have been noted and more than 3,000 citizens of Georgia have been detained by the occupation forces for the ‘illegal crossing of the border’.

For the last 10 years Georgia lives under the threat of crawling occupation and annexation.